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「香港護理專科學院」全力支持每年10 月2 日的[國際無酒精日]

香港每年個人酒精消耗量,由2009 年的2.6 公升增加至2016 年的2.86 公升。身為專業護士,我們深感酒精對個人健康的殘害。

酗酒為害胎兒,整個妊娠期沒有公認的安全酒量標準,酒精實質上滲透胎盤及羊水,引致嬰兒智力及生長缺陷,母親若餵哺母乳,酒精仍會繼續囤積嬰兒體內。兒童及青少年酒精中毒上癮及精神錯亂,呈現記憶力及集中力衰退,口齒不清及學習遲緩問題。

酒精影響人腦,擾亂情緒,損壞記憶力及判斷功能,虐兒,致命交通傷亡,跌傷,溺斃,傷人,自殺,謀殺都是酗酒的常見惡果。長期飲酒危及健康,已有證據酒精高危導致各種癌疾,禍致口腔,咽喉,氣管,大腸,乳房,更廣泛的引致200多種疾病和損傷,包括肝硬化,心血管,腸道問題,糖尿,以致肺炎及氣管傳染病。

酒精和運動配合一起,會損壞中樞神經系統,製造意外及損傷。最近有一運動項目,主辦者原先贊助參賽者跑歩中飲啤酒,我們樂見反酗酒聯盟糾正是次活動,否決了一邊跑一邊飲酒的提議,為社會帶來對認識酒精禍害的訊息。

今年「香港護理專科學院」,與衛生署協助辦反飲酒教育,推動「唔飲酒,運動表現更好」。利用酒精篩選問卷作評估及給予有需要人事戒酒,務求減少因酗酒受傷的病人數目。

「香港護理專科學院」呼籲大家支持,「唔飲酒,運動表現更好」,請同心合力把酒精趕出我們家庭及學校。

Press Release – Hong Kong Academy of Nursing Press Statement on World NO Alcohol Day 2.10.2017

The Hong Kong Academy of Nursing (HKAN) is in great support to the World NO Alcohol Day on 2 October of each year. Alcohol consumption per capita of Hong Kong has an increasing trend from 2.60 L/yr (2009) to 2.86 L/yr (2016). As nurses, we recognize the harm and adverse effects of alcohol on a person’s health.

There is no known safe level of Alcohol consumed throughout any stage of pregnancy. In effect, alcohol crosses over the placenta and persists in the amniotic fluid causing intellectual and development defects to babies. The accumulation of alcohol builds up in the baby’s body if the mother is breastfeeding. Children and adolescents grow vulnerable with memory, language, attention, learning problems and become vulnerable to alcohol toxicity, addiction and psychiatric disorders.

Alcohol affects the human brain, disturbs the mood and impairs memory and psychomotor function. Child abuse, fatal road traffic injuries, falls, drowning, assault, suicide and homicide are just a few known harms resulting from heavy drinking.

Lifelong alcohol consumption increases the health risks. Evidences show that alcohol is a Group 1 cancer-causing agent, highly linked to the cancer of the mouth, pharynx, larynx, oesophagus, bowel and breast. It is also associated with over 200 types of diseases including cardiac vascular diseases, gastrointestinal diseases, liver diseases, diabetes, and infectious diseases such as pneumonia and tuberculosis.

Alcohol working with sports together has an adverse effect on the central nervous system, thus increasing risks of accidents and injuries. We are glad to note that the Hong Kong Alliance for Advocacy Against Alcohol had recently revoked the organization of a sports event which initially encouraged participants to consume beer while running.

This year, the HKAN, is happy to support the “Alcohol Fails Campaign” organized by the Department of Health as Co-organizer to step up anti-alcohol education with patients to reduce alcohol-related harms by using an alcohol screening and intervention tool. HKAN calls for your support to “Alcohol Fails Campaign”, please join us to keep alcohol out of our home and our schools.

References

Department of Health, HKSAR (2013). Action Plan to Reduce Alcohol-related Harm in Hong Kong. Department of Health: Hong Kong.

Department of Health, HKSAR (2016). Alcohol Consumption Per Capita in Hong Kong. [cited 2017 September 28]. Available from: https://www.change4health.gov.hk/en/alcohol_aware/figures/alcohol_consumption/index.html

Hong Kong Alliance for Advocacy Against Alcohol. (2017). Position Statement on Alcohol and Sports Events. [cited 2017 September 10]. Available from: http://www.hkccm.org.hk/pdffile/17081010190920.pdf

NHS Choices (2017). Breast feeding and drinking alcohol. [cited 2017 September 10]. Available from: http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/Pages/breastfeeding-alcohol.aspx

The National Association of Nurse Practitioners in Women’s Health. (2016). Position Statement: Prevention of Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancies. Women’s Health Care, 18-20. [cited 2017 September 25]. Available from: https://www.npwh.org/lms/.../file?...AEP_NPWH%20Position%20Statement

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